Over recent years, there’s been a lot of chat about building ‘the right kind of cycleways’ for Auckland. Should we focus on primary routes (on big arterials, along motorways and railway lines)? Or more on ‘Greenways’  – which is to say, routes along slower, quieter streets and through ‘open space’ (that’s Council-speak for parks and reserves)?

Fans of Greenways make the case that they’re wonderfully laid-back routes, where beginners and families with kids can cycle without the constant stress of traffic. Skeptics reckon this is ‘taking the easy road’, by investing only in uncontroversial and/or roundabout routes that aren’t much use for actual transport cycling, are often sub-standard, and (in the case of paths through parks) often put people on bikes in conflict with pedestrians.

There’s some truth on both sides of this argument. Meanwhile, Auckland Council and Auckland Transport have identified a need to lift the game when Local Boards design and build Greenways routes, to ensure they’re up to standard, allow for relaxed riding, and also form a useful part of the larger transport network.

We can now finally share their work in this sphere, which has been cooking away in the background for a while now: the new Local Path Design Guide (lean version – full version to come).

What does the Local Path Design Guide do? Let us allow it to summarise itself:

The Local Paths Design Guide is organised into three parts. It defines what a Local
Path is and what it isn’t, and illustrates how they connect to Auckland’s wider transport
Part One provides key performance standards and design principles based on
international best practice that can be used to both develop and evaluate future Path
Part Two outlines a step-by-step guide describing how the Paths network could be
designed and planned.
Part Three describes a wide range of tools from planning through to community
engagement and the application of physical infrastructure for streets.

Sounds exciting – so let’s have a look at some of the sections.

First off, what is a Local Path – and what isn’t? Here, they have provided a handy diagram. As you can see, there are two categories of Local Path – those on streets, and those in open space – which sit between ‘Express Paths’ (think your protected cycleways or NW Cycleway-type paths) and ‘Trails’ (think bush tracks and NZ Cycle Trails).

The "Local paths on streets" and "Local paths in open space" discussed in the guideline sit between "Express paths" (your protected cycleways or Northwestern Cycleways) and "Trails" (think bush tracks and NZ Cycle Trails). Also note the neat graphic as to appropriate car speeds and volumes!
Also note the neat internal information indicating relative car speeds and volumes!

So now we know where Local Paths sit, what are the design principles? Again, let’s go straight to the source, which tells us the paths should be Safe, Connected, Accessible & Comfortable, and Enabling:

Safety and a stress-free environment are core tenets of achieving a successful
Local Path. Conflict points such as high vehicle numbers and high speeds should be
minimised by providing a consistent level of experience across the Paths network.
Crime prevention and enhanced social safety are also key outcomes of well-designed
Local Paths.
Local Paths should connect destinations such as residential neighbourhoods,
schools and universities, town centres, transit stations, and bicycle facilities. They
should seamlessly connect to the wider transport network including Express Paths.
Additionally, these connections should be designed to be easily navigated. Where
intuitive design is unachievable, clear and consistent way finding signage should be
Accessible & Comfortable
Paths infrastructure should be accessible for all users, including children and people
with disabilities. Considerations include ample width, gentle gradients, smooth
transition in surfaces, and avoidance of high volumes of traffic that create fumes and
Iwi, local community and stakeholders should be engaged early in the process to
incorporate Te Aranga principles and community driven initiatives. Local Paths should
integrate with the existing streetscape and celebrate Auckland’s unique character
by responding to and incorporating elements of the surrounding natural and built
environment, heritage and culture. Opportunities to include ecological function
through planting, water sensitive design, and low energy/low toxicity materials should
be integral to each Local Path design.
We can get behind that – in fact, much of it sounds like our Bikeable Auckland vision!

Then we come to the two really key things that will affect the experience of on-road Local Paths. How many cars will share a Local Path route, and how fast will they go?

vehicle-flows vehicle-speeds

Wow, that’s exactly what we have been pushing for as well! Yes, it will be challenging to overcome the traditional road design to actually ACHIEVE those 30 km/h speeds – but it’s great that our city council is now officially  backing this principle for such cycle routes. Bring it on – or rather, ‘slow it down’!

Where will the Local Paths be located? Again, check out the great diagram showing the concept:


Next comes a useful (and not too technical) section which explains how to review your local ‘hood – or your Local Board area – to discover the most promising routes. This way, the cream rises to the top, and new ‘Local Paths’ ideally work both for the family outing on Sunday as well as the quick milk run to the shops.

There’s also a neat step-by-step tactical urbanism guide for getting things up and running sooner rather than later, as shown in the example below:


Can we all say ‘yes please, by tomorrow, please’ to that?

And, just as a step-by-step approach can help figure out what works in a particular spot, a bunch of approaches can be knitted together to create a Local Path through a neighbourhood.


And finally, we get to the ‘how to’ part, the Local Path Toolkit. This is very much where the eye candy is – and where the magic happens, for those of us who are really keen on better bike infrastructure that’s more than ‘just’ protected lanes and ‘cycle superhighways’. We reckon our Bike Burb groups in particular will rejoice at finally having an official council document that supports the kind of local improvements they’ve been seeking for years.

So, what kind of things are in the Local Path Toolkit? Good things.

Like tools to reduce traffic volumes:


Or tools to reduce speeds:


Or tools for crossing (main) streets:


So there it is, the new Local Path Design Guide.

There are many more sections and examples, bringing our Auckland standards so much closer to best practice. The tree-lovers among you will be thrilled by the section on ‘how green should a greenway be’, for example. By all means, dig in and tell us what you like.

Last question – and it’s a good one: what is the Design Guide’s official status? When finalized – and, in due course, when ATCOP (the current rule set) and the Auckland Design Manual are updated, it will become a core part of the new design standard, rather than a standalone document like it is now.

So, have a good read. It’s a very user-friendly document; kudos to Resilio Studio and MR Cagney for their beautiful work. Find the bits that might work for your ‘hood. Shout the good stuff from the rooftops, discuss with your neighbours and freshly elected Local Boards – and maybe even use it to remind a traffic engineer that things have, indeed, progressed.

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11 responses to “Greenways, Bike Boulevards and Local Paths – Auckland’s new Cycleway Guidelines

  1. Do you know if this ties in to ‘dead ending’ streets, or is that a separate issue to be addressed (as these are just tools)

    Glad to finally see someone steal there idea for those diagonal beakers from Vancouver!

    1. Tools to reduce traffic volumes include things like cul-de-sac treatments and one-way exits/entries (all of these with bike bypasses of course)

  2. This is really exciting. It’s great that design is modernising into the cities we can thrive in as people.

  3. Not a fan of everything in there (sharrow’s?) but, I love it. This gives us a licence to help AT fix our roads and streets. Now its just a matter to find out how much AT really believe in it.

    1. Sharrows are fine in the right low speed, low volume environment; plenty of overseas examples are NOT that. The NZ research trialling them here found a 1-2km/h reduction in mean traffic speeds just from having the sharrows marked.

      1. If you create a low speed, low volume environment, people will ride bikes. Signs aren’t needed. Unless your focus is on routes rather than local networks, where everything is accessible.

        1. Sharrows help remind riders that they can take the lane there. They help remind motorists to expect to see riders taking the lane. And they help with route navigation when neighbourhood greenways are part of a longer cycle route made up of different types of infrastructure.

          1. As I say, I don’t care too much. The rest of the manual is very good. I just don’t rate sharrows. More paint that will fade and not get redone. Just a personal preference. What I’ve seen in my neighbourhood is that, if the road feels safe, people of all ages will ride on it. Each to their own.

          2. I wonder if AT have the bottle to implement their own guidelines. The proposed Grey Lynn Green Route out for consultation right now has half measures to slow cars, but there are no measures to reduce volume. I would argue that both elements must be present to create quiet streets.

          3. Yip. As evidenced by our shared spaces in Auckland CBD, slowing traffic alone is not the pancea. Volumes play an equally important part in making our streets safe for all users.

  4. Interesting Toolkit. The new Grey Lynn Greenway proposal could likely make use of some ‘reduce traffic volumes’ tools. For example the Williamson Ave / Grosvenor St intersection could have a hefty Median Barrier instead of the proposed signalisation.

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